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2005 Hurricane Season - Storms and Damage

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Updated October 18, 2005
In May, scientists suggested that the 2005 hurricane season would be active, "above normal." In August, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAH) revised this prediction upward, to 18-21 named storms with 9-11 hurricanes. Climatologists believe that 2005 will be one of the busiest seasons on record; the record is 21 named storms. Some scientists link this increased activity to global warming.

Each time a hurricane hits the US, all citizens feel the pinch due to federal emergency funds. According to Bloomberg:
    Insurers paid a record $22.9 billion last year for four Florida hurricanes. Storm-related payouts almost erased third- quarter earnings last year at Allstate, the biggest publicly traded auto and home insurer.
The season began on 1 June 2005; it ends on 30 November 2005. Two tropical storms formed in June, five formed in July and four in August.

Records set in 2005:
  • Only season to have two hurricanes reach Category 4 before the end of July
  • Most storms to form during the month of July (five)
  • Strongest storm on record before August
  • Hurricane Katrina ranks in the top five most intense Atlantic hurricanes and is the third most intense hurricane, based on pressure, to make landfall in the US.
This is a regularly updated list of 2005 tropical storms and hurricanes, with details on their effects.
  1. Arlene - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Born almost two months earlier than the first storm in 2004. Crossed Cuba and hit the US on 11 June just west of Pensacola, FL.

  2. Bret - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Landfall in Mexico on 29 June.

  3. Cindy - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Landfall in Mexico on 4 July and Mississipi gulf coast on 5 July.

  4. Hurricane Dennis - Category 4
    131-155 mph wind
    The strongest storm on record to form before August.
    Crossed over Cuba on 8 July; landfall near Pensacola, FL on 10 July. Affected the Gulf coast and moved up to Tennessee.
    Estimated damage: $5-9 billion, placing it in the top 10 most costly hurricanes on record (2005 dollars).

  5. Hurricane Emily - Category 4
    131-155 mph wind
    Broke Dennis' record, becoming strongest storm to form before August on 16 July
    Landfall on 18 July in eastern Mexico.

  6. Franklin - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    The first time the sixth named storm has occurred this early in the season.
    Paralleled the eastern seaboard.

  7. Gert - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Landfall in Mexico on 25 July.

  8. Harvey - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Passed south of Bermuda on 4 August.

  9. Hurricane Irene - Category 1
    74-95 mph wind
    Named a hurricane on 14 August; no threat to land.

  10. Tropical Depression #10 - formed 13 August

  11. José - Tropical Storm
    39-73 mph wind
    Landfall in Mexico on 23 August.

  12. Hurricane Katrina - Category 5
    > 155 mph wind
    Made landfall near North Miami on 24 August; crossed into the Gulf and picked up strength. Hit east of New Orleans on 29 August. President Bush declared a state of emergency in Louisiana on the 27th.
    Katrina reached sustained winds of 175 mph, shutting down oil production in the Gulf of Mexico (the source of 25% of the US oil supply)
    For the first time, a mandatory evacuation was issued for New Orleans; most of the city sits below sea level.
    Originally: estimated damage: $10-30 billion, placing it in the top 10 most costly hurricanes on record (2005 dollars). Current estimated damage $100-200 billion, making it the most expensive natural disaster in US history. Complete coverage and Katrina Timeline



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